Biography of Sultan Murad iv / Extra History of Sultan Murad iv

 Biography of Sultan Murad iv. Welcome to Biography category. Today we will discuss life and achievements of Sultan Murad iv. In this article i will share Extra History of Sultan Murad iv.

Biography of Sultan Murad iv

  • Title: Sultan
  • Date of birth: 27 July 1612
  • Date of death: February 8, 1640 
  • City: Istanbul
  • Country :Turkey
  • Zodiac sign: Lion

Sultan Murad iv was born on 27 July 1612 in Istanbul . His father is Sultan Ahmed I and his mother is Mahpeyker Kösem Sultan. His mother is Romanian. Sultan Murad iv was a tall, large, round-faced and majestic sultan. He went down in history as one of the mightiest of the Ottoman Sultans. He was an extremely intelligent, daring, brave, strong and energetic person.Sultan Murad IV was very good at throwing javelins and arrows. He showed this power in the wars he participated in. He knew the rules of religion very well and used to address Shaykh al-Islam Yahya Efendi as "Father". He banned alcohol and tobacco. He imposed a night curfew. He knew Arabic and Western languages ​​very well. He loved science and scientists very much, he used to go to science assemblies whenever he had the opportunity, and he would encourage them to do new studies.One of the important events of the period of Sultan Murad iv was Hezarfen Ahmed Çelebi 's flight from Galata Tower to Üsküdar, wearing wings. Sultan Murad iv would never hesitate to use his initiative by carefully following what was going on around him. Although he was under the influence of his mother in the first years of his reign, he later put an end to the reign of women and severely punished treacherous and deceitful grand viziers. He closely followed the problems of the country and tried to find solutions.

 After reigning for 17 years, Niksir died at the age of 28 due to his illness.It is possible to divide the reign of Sultan Murad ivinto 2 periods. Since he came to the throne when he was only 11 years old, state affairs were largely in the hands of his mother Kösem Sultan. The viziers who were with him had Hafız Ahmed Pasha cut into soldiers in front of his eyes, and they terrified the young sultan with fear. There was no security and peace in the Ottoman countries, and the tyrants took over the cities.It was only after he personally took over the administration in his adolescence that Sultan Murad iv suppressed all the tyrants with some violence and re-established the state dominance. He suppressed the unemployed and powerless tyrants gathered in coffee houses under the pretext of tobacco ban, and was able to re-establish the administrative and judicial order with severe punishments and even executions.

Iran Exhibitions:

When Sultan Murad iv came to the throne, the political and economic problems in the country became very heavy, and the rebels became active in Anatolia and Rumelia. During this period, the governor of Baghdad was Yusuf Pasha. However, the administration of this region was in the hands of Subaşı Bekir, who is famous for his wealth. Subaşı Bekir and Abaza Mehmed Pasha, who tried to seize the administration by force, rebelled. The Ottoman State sent an order to Bekir Subaşı, who stated that he wanted to be a governor. Bekir Subaşı, who had asked for help from the Safavid Empire before, when he was appointed as a governor by the Ottoman Empire, he fired the Iranian soldiers he called to help him. Trying to take advantage of this situation, Shah Abbas occupied Baghdad. (1624)When the 17-year war began, Sultan Murad iv was still a child. For this reason, Iran achieved great success in the first years of the war. Sultan Murad IV took the internal rebellions under control in the following years and made arrangements within the palace. 

Sultan Murad iv also attached great importance to the Iranian issue. Sultan Murad iv decided to embark on the Revan Expedition and went to the camp in Üsküdar. He was very careful to restore the order of expedition that had been disrupted for a long time, he did not welcome any unlawful act of the soldier, and immediately punished him.Sultan Murad IV, who set out on an expedition, visited the tomb of Mevlana Celalleddin Rumi in Konya. When he came to Bayburt, he was welcomed by the Grand Vizier. After leaving 30 thousand soldiers in Erzurum, Sultan Murad IV marched on Revan with 100 thousand soldiers. The Iranian army began to retreat rapidly. Recapturing Revan, Ottoman forces advanced along the Aras river and recaptured Tabriz, which had been captured by Iran 32 years ago, in September 1635. This conquest was the sixth conquest of Tabriz by the Ottomans. However, due to the winter season and the illness of the Sultan, he returned to Istanbul. Taking advantage of this, Iran started new occupations in the region.

Bagdad Experience :

After Iran's new invasions in the east and the loss of Revan, which was taken back with great difficulty, Sultan Murad iv decided to go on the Baghdad Campaign again. The Ottoman army arrived in front of Baghdad on 16 November 1638, the one hundred and ninety-seventh day of its movement from Istanbul. The fort of Baghdad was besieged for thirty-seven days and heroic battles were fought. Sultan Murad iv decided to launch a general attack. At the end of the attack that started early in the morning, the castle surrendered.With the Treaty of Kasr-ı Şirin, Azerbaijan and Revan remained with the Safavids, while Baghdad remained with the Ottomans. The Zagros mountains between the two countries were accepted as the border. The current Turkish-Iranian border is largely based on the border drawn by this treaty. With this treaty, Baghdad, which was transferred to the Safavids fourteen years and eleven months ago due to a betrayal, has now definitely passed to the Ottoman Administration. After this victory, Sultan Murad iv was called the Conqueror of Baghdad.

Lehistan Exhibition :

The issues that the Ottomans had to deal with internally and externally, and especially the Iranian Wars, also affected the Crimea and Poland. Sultan Murad iv wanted to prevent political fluctuations and confusion in the Crimea. Sultan Murad iv, who brought Canbey Giray to the khanate in 1628, who eliminated his brothers who were helped by the Russians and Poles, strengthened the Ottoman dominance in the Crimea.Cossacks sheltering in Poland were attacking Ottoman lands, and the Poles were turning a blind eye to this. The treaties were renewed in 1630, and Poland agreed to pay taxes to the Ottoman Empire. However, it was decided to organize an expedition on the territory of Poland, which did not pay its taxes for various reasons. King Vladislas of Poland asked for peace.

Zoning Studies (Architecture ) :

Sultan Murad iv, who was a great sultan, also gave the necessary importance to the development of the country. Some of the works made during the period are as follows; Ok Square Prayer Place, Bayram Pasha Lodge, Tomb, Sebil, Fountain, Primary School, Madrasa and Complex, Niğde Bedesten, Konya Serefeddin Mosque restoration, Revan Mansion, Baghdad Mansion, Uskudar Çinili Mosque, Madrasa and Complex.

Actual : 

Sultan Murad iv was a sultan who was very interested in literature, especially poetry. He loved Nef'i, one of the greatest Divan poets of the period, and kept his conversations afloat. However, Nef'i's sarcastic behavior in his satires and ruthless behavior in his poems made the statesmen hostile to him. They applied to the Sultan frequently and complained about Nef'i. Nef'i loved and respected the sultan very much, and did not want to leave his side. He wrote his most beautiful poems for her. The poem below is a good example of this.“If he became a Thai, my life, if the myth-i implied, Sultan Muradin's life will be mesmerized by Allah”In fact, one day, while he was reading Nef'i's satirical magazine called Sihan-ı Kaza, when lightning struck the palace, he stopped reading such satires and made Nef'i repent not to write satire. Nef'i did not keep his word and satirized the vizier Bayram Pasha and Bayram Pasha asked permission to murder Nef'i. With the permission of Sultan Murad iv, Bayram Pasha summoned Nef'i to his palace and had him drowned in the woodshed and thrown into the sea.

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