16 Famous Historical Places of Turkey

 Turkey's Historical Places 

Turkey is a country that you cannot get enough of with its magnificent nature, many important historical and touristic cities and towns. It has been the scene of many wars for many reasons, such as being on very rich lands in terms of its geographical location, hosting important trade routes in the historical process. As a result of all these, it interacted with many cultures and was equipped with the features of an eclectic culture. For this reason, you can also encounter many things that you can visit, explore with excitement and be surprised at. There are so many places to discover in Turkey…

16 Famous Historical Places of Turkey

Istanbul :

First of all, the legendary Bosphorus, which is very popular with local and foreign tourists , and our city, which has hosted the Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire and finally the Ottoman Empire for centuries, has great importance in terms of places to visit.

When it comes to places to visit in Istanbul, the first historical and touristic place that comes to mind is Hagia Sophia. The Hagia Sophia Church, which was built by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I in a basilica plan , with the conquest of Istanbul by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in 1453 ; It was converted into a mosque by adding a mihrab, pulpit, sermon platform and mahfil. The Hagia Sophia Mosque , which serves as a museum, has recently been opened to the worship of Muslims. Another very important structure in terms of art history in Istanbul is the Nuruosmaniye Mosque. Nuruosmaniye Mosque, a Baroque mosque built during the Ottoman PeriodIt is a kind of structure that can attract the attention of especially European tourists. In addition, other important historical and touristic places to visit in Istanbul; There are many important historical and touristic places such as Topkapı Palace, Blue Mosque, Basilica Cistern, Anadolu Hisarı, Rumeli Fortress, Yedikule Dungeons, Haydarpaşa Train Station, Hippodrome (Horse Square), Maiden's Tower,  Çemberlitaş and Grand Bazaar .

Ankara :

Do not believe Ankara, the capital of Turkey, even though they call it a gray city. It stems from Ankara's modest nature. Ankara Castle, which has great historical importance, and the Anatolian Civilizations Museum, which is a world-famous museum right next to the castle, introduces many important works of Anatolian civilizations to millions of tourists every year . There is also a private museum around the museum. In addition, Sulu Han and rice Han, which are used as business inns today, are located in the Ulus district where the museum is located. While wandering the streets of Ulus, the light of the first years of the Republichits us like a torch. Because there are many historical buildings built in the National Architectural style from the Republican Period along the street.

Some of those; I. Turkish Grand National Assembly, Ankara Palace, Post Office Building, İşbank General Directorate Building etc. There is also much to be said for Gordion, one of the important civilizations established near Ankara. Gordion Museum , located in Polatlı, is also a very important historical touristic place for Ankara, but where is the most honorable place to go in Ankara? If you ask, I would say Anıtkabir without thinking.

16 Famous Historical Places of Turkey

Land of Beautiful Horses; Cappadocia :

There are many places worth visiting in Turkey. Cappadocia, which is one of the places that host tourists especially in summer and winter , is an important formation where Geography is reflected in architecture. Ürgüp Fairy Chimneys are the focus of great interest for domestic and foreign tourists. Every year, various tours are organized from all over the country to visit the natural beauties of the region. Cappadocia, where you can ride horses and camels and take a balloon tour, is a very important center in terms of tourism.

Gobeklitepe :

The findings in the Göbeklitepe excavation, which turned the eyes of the whole world on Turkey, determined that this is the oldest known temple in the world . Göbekli Tepe, which is extremely important in terms of cultural tourism, maintains its mystery because of the very interesting findings on this subject while trying to unravel the secret of prehistoric rites. The historical artifacts found in the excavation are exhibited in the Şanlıurfa Museum .

Ishakpasa Palace :

You will have the chance to see the architectural features of Turkestan, Seljuk and Ottoman Periods together in Ishakpaşa Palace with 116 rooms located near Doğubayazıt.

16 Famous Historical Places of Turkey

Ephesus Ancient City :

The ancient city of Ephesus , which dates back to 6000 BC , was founded in Selçuk, within the borders of İzmir. After Ephesus, one of the cities of Ionia , was accepted as a Unesco World Heritage Site in 2015, the visit of foreign tourists intensified. The peculiarity of Ephesus is that it is the first city made entirely of marble . It has a wide culture covering the Neolithic, Hellenistic and Roman Periods.

Zeugma Mosaic Museum :

Zeugma Museum, which has been flooded by local and foreign tourists due to being the largest mosaic museum in the world , is located within the borders of Gaziantep . Fountains and water cisterns from the Roman Period , statues of gods and dazzling mosaics consisting of thousands of pieces are of great historical importance in the museum .

Sumela Monastery :

With its magnificent nature and clean air, where you can see every shade of green, the Black Sea is a must-see region in Turkey. Sumela Monastery, which has a great historical importance, is located in Trabzon . Another name of the Sumela Monastery, which is located on a 300-meter-high valley, is the Virgin Mary Monastery. It also draws attention due to the fact that its place is intertwined with a magical natural beauty.

The ancient city of Troy :

The ancient city of Troy, which dates back to 3000 BC , is located in Çanakkale . The ancient city of Troy, which hosts the legends spread by word of mouth, is a must for local and foreign tourists every year.

16 Famous Historical Places of Turkey

Aspendos Ancient City :

The ancient city of Aspendos, which dates back to the 10th century BC, is in the Serik district of Antalya .

Ashab-i Kehf Cave :

Located in the Tarsus district of Mersin , the Ashabı kehf Cave is a cave considered sacred by Muslims because it is believed to be one of the 33 caves mentioned in the Qur'an . The cave, which is believed to have taken place in the legend of 7 sleepers, welcomes many local and foreign tourists.

Alahan Monastery :

It is a dark period church built on a high hill on the Karaman - Konya Road , in the Mut district of Mersin province . Now that Christianity was prohibited antik- early Byzantine period, called also known as the era icon of refraction period and considered to be made between the years 440-42 Alahan Monastery, eastern and western churches consist divided into two sections as. The churches, which were built in the basilica style, were later restored. In the outer part of the monastery, there are monk tombs carved into the stones.

Hasankeyf :

Hasankeyf, located in our province of Batman , is a very important place with its 12 thousand years of history and contains many important caves around it.

16 Famous Historical Places of Turkey

Travertines of Pamukkale :

It attracts thousands of tourists every year because it is a natural beauty on the UNESCO cultural heritage list, which is connected to the Pamukkale district of Denizli .

Nemrut Mountain :

Nemrut Mountain, which attracts great attention with its giant statues reaching up to 7 meters in height , is located in the Kahta district of Adıyaman province.

cunda Island :

Cunda Island, where you will both increase your knowledge of history and have the chance to have a perfect holiday, is located in the Ayvalık District of Balikesir . Cunda Island , which attracts a lot of attention with its architecture, is the center of attention of millions of local and foreign tourists with its beautiful air and legendary sea. When considered together with its natural beauties, architecture and historical values, Cunda Island almost resembles an open-air museum.

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