Biography of Sultan Mehmed Resad / Extra History of Sultan Mehmed Resad


Biography of Sultan Mehmed Resad. Welcome to Biography category. Today we will discuss life and achievements of Sultan Mehmed Resad. In this article i will share Extra History of Sultan Mehmed Resad.

Biography of Sultan Mehmed Resad

  • Title: Sultan
  • Date of birth: November 2, 1844
  • Date of death: 1918
  • Zodiac sign: Scorpion

Sultan Mehmed Resad was born on November 2, 1844 in Istanbul. His father is Sultan Abdülmecid the First, and his mother is Gülcemal Kadın Efendi. His mother is Circassian. He spent his childhood with his father, who was a sultan. Education and training was given due importance.Although Sultan Mehmed Resad was a comfortable prince during the reign of his uncle, Sultan Abdülaziz, he lived in prison in the palace during the reign of his older brother, Sultan Abdülhamid II. Since he was the heir, he was kept under constant control. Sultan Mehmed Resad spent his days in the harem, reading poetry and books. Sultan Mehmed Fifth Reşad was 65 years old when he ascended to the throne with the support of the Union and Progress party. During the reign of Sultan Abdulhamid II, he was not sufficiently interested in state affairs. During his sultanate, the administration mostly passed into the hands of Enver Pasha, Talat Pasha and Cemal Pasha, who were the notables of the Party of Union and Progress.

War Of Triplus :

The remaining Italy wanted to seize Tripoli, which belonged to the Ottomans, in North Africa, since it was late in the colonial race. Receiving the support of European states, Italy gave an ultimatum to the Ottoman Empire and demanded that Tripoli be left to itself. When this request of the Italians was rejected, Tripoli and Benghazi were occupied (1911). Mustafa Kemal and Enver Bey crossed to Tripoli and formed important lines of resistance in Derne and Tobruk. In order to force the Ottoman state to peace, Italy shelled the Turkish fortifications from the sea in Çanakkale. They also landed troops on the Dodecanese. Upon the start of the Balkan Wars, peace was signed with the Italians and the Tripoli War ended. According to the Ushi Peace Treaty, Tripoli and Benghazi were given to Italy. The twelve islands remained in Italy to be returned so that Greece would not invade.

First Balkan War :

After gaining their independence, Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece and Montenegro, who wanted to remove the Ottoman Empire from the Balkans, declared war on the Ottoman Empire, which was dealing with the Tripoli War. The Ottoman Empire, relying on Russia's guarantee not to attack, had demobilized its armies. The Ottoman Empire, which had to fight on many fronts during the First Balkan War, suffered heavy defeats. The Bulgarians advanced as far as Çatalca, the Greeks occupied Thessaloniki. Benefiting from these events, Albania declared its independence. 

Second Balkan War :

They entered into a disagreement while sharing the lands they had taken from the Ottoman Empire among themselves. Serbia, Greece and Romania started the war against Bulgaria. The Ottoman Empire took advantage of this opportunity and declared war on Bulgaria. After the Ottoman army liberated the historical city of Edirne, it advanced as far as Meriç, but did not go any further in case the European states intervened. Edirne and Kırklareli were given back to the Turks with the Treaty of Istanbul made at the end of the Second Balkan War. Kavala and Alexandroupoli remained in Bulgaria. The Meriç river became the border between the two states.

World War I :

After the industrial revolution in Europe, countries that produced surplus goods competed among themselves and grouped among themselves in order to find new colonies and markets. The Ottoman Empire participated in the First World War, which started on June 28, 1914 and continued until 1918, causing great economic damage to millions of people's death and disability, on the side of Germany.

The Ottoman Empire fought on many fronts in the First World War. The Turkish nation, who carried out one of the greatest resistances in history in the Dardanelles War, did not allow the enemy navy to pass through the straits, despite all the adverse conditions. Although the Ottoman troops fought heroically on all fronts, their local successes did not affect the result. Sultan Mehmed Resad, who did nothing but pray for the success of the nation, died in 1918, due to heart failure, in these disastrous conditions of the Ottoman Empire.

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