Biography of Sultan Ahmed I / Extra History of Sultan Ahmed I

Biography of Sultan Ahmed I. Welcome to Biography category. Today we will discuss life and achievements of  Sultan Ahmed I. In this article i will share Extra History of Sultan Ahmed I.

Biography of Sultan Ahmed I

  • Title: Sultan
  • Date of birth: April 18, 1590
  • Date of death: 26 November 1617
  • City: Manisa
  • Country: Turkey
  • Zodiac sign: Ram

Detailed Biography Of Sultan Ahmed I:

Sultan Ahmed I was born on April 18, 1590 in Manisa . His father is Sultan Mehmed III and his mother is Handan Sultan. He received an excellent education. He spoke Arabic and Persian perfectly. Sultan Ahmed I, who was very skilled in war and military fields such as shooting arrows, using swords, and riding a horse, was very fond of hunting and javelin. He dressed very simply.Upon the death of his father, Sultan Mehmed III, Eyüb Sultan took the throne on 21 December 1603, wielding a sword. Sultan Ahmed I was the first sultan to deal with state affairs intensively among the sultans after Suleiman the Magnificent. He used to make excellent decisions, even at a juvenile age. He would always be with great people with knowledge and wisdom and consult them.

 The number 14 has an important place in the life of Sultan Ahmed I. Because he became a sultan at the age of fourteen, reigned for fourteen years and was the fourteenth of the Ottoman sultans. The devotion of Sultan Ahmed I, who was very devoted to his religion, to the Prophet Muhammad (SAV) was so advanced that he wrote a poem in the picture of his footprints and carried that poem in his turban until he died. That poem is:"N'ola even if I carry it on my head like a crownBecome the rank-i picture of Hazrat Shah RusülGülzarı Prophethood, he is the owner of rankAhmada, don't stay put, smile, smile"Sultan Ahmed I could not get rid of the typhus disease he caught and died at the age of 28 in 1617 on the night of November 21st to November 22nd.

Iran Relations :

At the time of Sultan Ahmed I's accession to the throne, the Ottoman Empire was at war with Austria in the west and Iran in the east. Under the command of Sinan Pasha, the Ottoman army marched to Revan via Nakhchivan. The Iranians were destroying the foodstuffs on the route that the Ottoman army would pass. The Janissaries also wanted Van to be returned. The Ottoman army spent the winter in Van.In the war to retake Tabriz, the Ottoman army defeated the armies of Shah Abbas in the Selmas regions. However, Shah Abbas, who saw the opportunity of Erzurum Beylerbeyi Sefer Pasha to follow the retreating enemy forces and leave the main army, made a sudden attack on the army center. Defeated, Sinan Pasha withdrew first to Van and then to Diyarbakir. Shah Abbas easily captured Shirvan, Shemahi and Ganja.

 The Ottoman Empire could not be successful on the Iranian front as it was dealing with the ongoing Austrian War and internal rebellions in Europe. Grand Vizier Nasuh Pasha accepted the peace proposal of Shah Abbas.With the Treaty of Nasuh Pasha in 1612, the Ottoman-Persian War, which lasted for nine years, came to an end. With the treaty, Iran agreed to give two hundred camel loads of silk to the Ottoman Empire. The period of peace that lasted until 1615 ended when Shah Abbas broke the treaty. The Ottomans lost a lot in the wars. During the reign of Sultan Osman II (Young Osman), peace would be restored with the Serav agreement, which was based on the Nasuhpaşa agreement (26 September 1618).

Celali Revolts :

Yozgatlı Celal, who rebelled with thousands of his supporters during the reign of Yavuz Sultan Selim, became a big problem for the Ottoman Empire. Although these revolts were suppressed, the internal revolts and disturbances in Anatolia were called Celali Revolts. During the reign of Sultan Ahmed I, the Celali Revolts broke out again. Tavil Ahmed, Canbolatoğlu, Kalenderoğlu and Deli Hasan uprisings are the most important of them. Kuyucu Murad Pasha, who was the Grand Vizier at this time, was an extremely tough soldier. He didn't know what pity was. In order to suppress these, he showed a lot of violence, and even had innocent people killed, without discriminating between the guilty and the innocent, as "a lesson". It is said that he was nicknamed "The Kuyucu" because he had a habit of throwing the people he had killed into the wells he opened. At the end of Kuyucu Murad Pasha's persistent and harsh policies, the Celali Revolts were suppressed, albeit with difficulty.

Zitvatorok Agreement :

The Austrian War was still going on when Sultan Ahmed I came to the throne. Ottoman forces were advancing from Belgrade towards Budin. Pest (25 September 1604) and Hatvan fortresses were easily captured without a battle. The Ottoman army advanced and captured the Vaç castle in the north of Budin (October 16, 1604). The Ottoman Army, on the orders of Sultan Ahmed I, march to Budin via Belgrade. On August 29, 1605, the Esztergom castle was besieged and the Cigerdelen castle was conquered. Visigrad was conquered on 8 September, and the fortresses of Saint Thomas (Tepedelen) on 19 September. On October 3, 1605, the Esztergom fortress was taken.The Ottomans and the Austrians were very worn out socially and economically because of all these wars in succession. The previous peace talks had not yielded any results. However, peace was achieved with the Zitvatoruk treaty signed on 11 November 1606 between Esztergom and Comorin at the place where the Zitva water empties into the Danube.

According to the treaty, Eğri, Esztergon and Kanije castles would remain with the Ottomans, Rop and Koman castles would remain with the Austrians. Austria was to pay a one-off war indemnity of 70,000 gold. The Ottoman sultan would address the Austrian Emperor with the title of Roman Emperor (Cesar), and gifts would be sent every three years. The annual tax of 30,000 gold that Austria was paying for Hungary was to be abolished. Although the Zitvatoruk Treaty seemed to be in favor of the Ottomans, the Ottoman Empire was no longer in its former power. With this treaty, the absolute superiority of the Ottoman Empire over Austria ended, and the political balances began to deteriorate against the Ottomans.

Actual :

One of the most important practices of Sultan Ahmed I during his reign was to put an end to the murder of the Prince. Sultan Ahmed I was a good poet. He had a divan composed of poems he wrote under the pseudonym Bahti. Before Sultan Ahmed I became the sultan, the covers of the Kaaba, which went from Egypt, started to go from Istanbul during his reign.

Zoning Studies (Architecture):

On January 4, 1610, the groundbreaking ceremony of the Sultanahmet Mosque with six minarets and 16 balconies was held. Sultan Ahmed I, who was a religious person, carried soil on his skirt and worked like a laborer while the foundations of the mosque were being dug. Sultan Ahmet Mosque, whose construction was completed on June 9, 1617, was opened to worship. In addition, the Şehzadebaşı Kuyucu Murad Pasha Complex, Istanbul Messiah Pasha Mosque, Piyale Pasha Mosque, Elmalı Ömer Pasha Mosque are among the important architectural works built.

Sons: Osman II, Murad IV, Sultan İbrahim, Bayezid, Süleyman, Kasım, Mehmed, Hasan, Selim, Hanzade, Ubeyde,

Daughters: Gevherhan Sultan, Ayşe Sultan, Fatma Sultan, Atike Sultan.

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